Whether you already have trees in your yard or you’re thinking about planting them, there are some things you need to know first. You need to know how to care for your trees so that they could grow healthy and strong.
Many people think they should just plant them and leave them be. After all, trees will grow on their own.
But that’s a mistake when it comes to having them on your property. A lot of factors could get in their way of thriving, such as not having enough space to grow their roots.
With that in mind, let’s go over the essential tree care trips for ensuring your trees stay in top condition.
Plant the Right Trees in Proper Spots
Knowing what trees to plant and where to put them may be the most important tip you’ll learn here.
Nothing you do for your trees will matter if you don’t plant the right trees in the first place.
Every tree needs proper space to grow. Let’s say you want to plant an oak tree. Would it fit in the space you’re considering, with its big roots and canopy? Once it’s fully grown, would it be a hazard?
What kind of soil does it need to be healthy? And would it get enough sunlight?
Think long and hard to pick the right tree for your property. When you do, make sure its roots won’t be close to any power lines, or anything else that could interfere with your safety.
Keep Your Trees Hydrated
Just like your flowers need water to grow, so do your trees. It’s extremely important to water your trees regularly, especially when there’s no rain.
Naturally, young trees need more water than their mature counterparts. You need to water them every week, using about 25 gallons to hydrate the soil.
Mature trees usually need watering on a monthly basis. But be sure to do your homework and learn about the proper frequency and water quantity your particular trees need.
Use Mulch to Keep the Roots Healthy
Mulching your trees is vital for ensuring the soil retains moisture and temperature, and for preventing weed from taking root.
The best mulches you can use are:
- Hardwood chips
- Shredded bark
If you do the mulching properly, you’ll essentially keep the roots healthy and strong. If you don’t, the roots won’t have enough oxygen, and you’ll leave the door open for insects and fungi.
To mulch a tree, you need to:
- Remove all the grass first
- Spread the mulch from a tree’s base all the way to the edge of its drip line (canopy)
- Make sure you don’t cover the base of the tree
- Use 2-4 inches of mulch
Never pile up the mulch near the base of a tree. It could negatively affect the soil’s acidity and invite a lot of pests.
Feed Them the Necessary Nutrients
While organic mulch will keep the soil and roots healthy, fertilizers will provide your trees with all the necessary nutrients.
Just like with watering, you need to know when and how to fertilize your trees.
You don’t need to fertilize mature trees very often. Every 2-3 years is enough.
On the other hand, young trees need proper fertilizers to stimulate their healthy growth.
You can use a nitrogen-based, potassium-based, and phosphorus-based fertilizer. Spread it around the drip line’s edge, making sure you don’t put it too close to the base of the tree.
Don’t Forget to Prune Your Trees
Pruning your trees is a very important part of proper tree care. But you need to know how to do it right. Otherwise, you’ll be doing your trees more harm than good.
If there are any dead branches, cut them off to prevent them from messing with your tree’s growth. If there are tall branches that may pose a safety risk, or interfere with the tree’s proper growth, trim them.
You need to know exactly how to trim and cut away branches, so do your homework beforehand.
Knowing when to prune your trees is also critical. Never do it in the fall, because you may stimulate the growth of fungi. Prune them after the growing season in the summer, and after the biggest cold in the winter.
Keep a Watchful Eye for Potential Tree Diseases
Noticing signs of tree diseases before they lead to serious damage will help you keep your lovely trees in top condition.
You need to familiarize yourself with various tree diseases and learn how to identify the warning signs. You should also learn about the pests that could damage your trees, and the action you should take if they come around.
Regularly inspect your trees for unusual changes, such as holes, discolored leaves, peeling bark, or mildew.
If you’re not sure what to do in such instances, you should leave it to tree care professionals. That leads us to the next tree care tip.
Put a Professional Arborist on Speed Dial
Tree care arborists, commonly known as tree surgeons, specialize in tree care. They can help you take excellent care of your greenery, ensuring its perfect health and strength.
You should get in touch with tree care professionals for each of the tips above, especially if you’re a tree care rookie.
They’ll tell you what trees to plant on your property and where. They’ll provide advice on watering, mulching, and fertilizing your trees. They’ll also inspect your trees to check for pests and diseases.
Tree care arborists can also do the trimming and pruning for you, and provide you with lots of other services. They’re tree care superheroes that you should really have on speed dial.
If you live in the Puget Sound area and need any kind of assistance with your trees, we’ve got your back. Puget Sound Tree Care is a team of tree care arborists dedicated to saving trees.
Whether you need crown raising, stump grinding, trimming and pruning, risk assessment, or anything else, we’re here for you.
Contact us today for a free estimate!